Honey Kapul / Baccaurea Macrocarpa yellow flesh

Honey Kapul / Baccaurea Macrocarpa yellow flesh

Kingdom: Plantae
Division : Magnoliophyta
Class : Magnoliopsida
Order: Malpighiales
Family : Phyllanthaceae
Genus: Baccaurea
Species : B. macrocarpa

Tampui or tampoi (Baccaurea macrocarpa) is a type of fruit and tree, a member of the Phyllanthaceae (formerly: Euphorbiaceae) tribe. This fruit is still related to menteng and rambai, but is larger and has thicker skin. Also known by other names such as in Malaysia: merkeh (Kelantan); ngeke, lara, rambai, tampoi rod, tampoi, tampoi. In Sumatra: touch the leaf, touch the moon, touch the truth, touch me; Bangka: field, win. In Kalimantan: Pasin; pegak (Tunjung Dayak); clan, tampoi (Iban); setai (Kenyah); flick (Kutai); tampoi (Kedayan); setei fruit, empak lime, kapul, terai. In English: Greater tampoi.

Small tree with two houses (dioesis); up to 27 m high and up to 64 cm long, the stems of tampui often have deep grooves up to 5 m high. Sometimes small and low buttresses. Leaves scattered, long stilt leaves up to 9 mm. Leaf blade jorong to obovate or breech-ovate, (7.2–)9–37 × 3.1–17.5 cm, stem up to 14.5 cm long. Inflorescences appear mostly on branches (ramiflory) or on stems (cauliflory), clusters of male flowers up to 13 cm long, female ones up to 18 cm, branching. Flowers are small, male up to 2 mm in diameter, green, yellow, or white; the female is slightly larger, up to 4.5 mm.
The fruits are strung in long bunches up to 15 cm, with stalks 4-6 mm thick. Round or nearly spherical in shape, the tampui fruit is a boxy, thick-walled woody fruit, brown to gray on the outside, measuring 30–65 × 34–75 × 34–75 mm. Seeds (2–) 3–6 grains, which are covered with white to yellow seed coats, sometimes orange.

honey capul with its Latin name Baccaurea macrocarpa is a type of fruit belonging to the Phyllanthaceae tribe. Kapul spread in the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Kalimantan, growing to an altitude of 1600 m asl., which lives wild in lowland forests, riparian forests, swamp forests, and also secondary forests, on red clay soils or sandy clay. . Kapul is also widely planted in agroforestry, mixed with various other fruit and timber plants.

Kapul fruit grows in an area with a height of about 300-700 m above sea level, with an air temperature of 25-30 degrees Celsius, and must be in an area where rainfall is evenly distributed throughout the year. The required soil conditions are soil that is classified as loose and fertile and has a pH of 5.5-6.5.

This fruit has a sweet and sour taste. This fruit has many names, in Kalimantan itself many people call it Kapul, Jentikan, Tampou, Pegak, and Terai fruit. Whereas in Sumatra, people usually call it Tampui Daun, Tampoy Saya, and Medang Tampui.


Benefits of Kapul Fruit

Kapul fruit has many benefits and economic value. People often use this Kapul fruit to treat constipation, abdominal pain, swelling of the eyes, arthritis, and to facilitate menstruation. Kapul is also used as an ingredient for making palm wine by the Dayak people in West Kalimantan. Meanwhile, the skin of the Kapul fruit is usually used by the community as a body scrub and face mask. The stems are used as building materials (houses) among the Dayak people.

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