Dracontomelon Dao / Dao Fruit / Sengkuang

“Sengkuang” (Dracontomelon dao (Blanco) Merril and Rolf’s name. Sengkuang plants grow in watersheds, so they can act as erosion barriers. These plants are found in vegetation around plants in the form of garden plants including bananas, mangoes, awar-awar, rambutan etc.

The fruit is round in shape about the size of a longan, the color of the young fruit flesh is white when it is old it is yellow, the color of the young fruit skin is green, the old skin is yellowish brown, the taste of the fruit flesh is sour but sweet when it is ripe and can be eaten, the texture of the fruit flesh is fibrous.

Dracontomelon Dao / Dao Fruit / Sengkuang
Dracontomelon Dao / Dao Fruit / Sengkuang

The fruit, which has the Latin name Dracontomelon dao, is called the dao fruit, or dahu, which is a family of the Anacardiaceae, aka the mango-manggaan tribe, the dao fruit is related to the cashew. This plant is also called Pacific walnut.

In various regions this plant gets various names such as:
Dahu, dau, rau, (Sundanese, Javanese); basuong, cikuang, dau uding, dau payo, ehoi, jaap, kasai gunung, sengkowang, singkuwang (Sumatra); dahu, sengkuang, singkuwang, talansep (Kalimantan); kaih, man, layo, rao, rau takau (Sulawesi); kasuang, rau (NTT); kawilu, akus, ngasobar, rau, pocket (Maluku); basuong (Papua).

According to experts, this fruit comes from the Philippines and the dao name is one of the cities in the country. There are even universities in the Philippines that use this plant symbol in their logo.

Dracontomelon Dao / Dao Fruit / Sengkuang
Dracontomelon Dao / Dao Fruit / Sengkuang

This plant can grow up to 40 m and a tree diameter of 100 cm. Hard dao tree wood of excellent quality.

Kingdom: Plantae
Royal ceremony: Tracheophyta
Superdivision: Spermatophyta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Sapindales
Family: Anacardiaceae
Genus: Dracontomelon
Species: Dracontomelon dao
Binomial name
Dracontomelon dao
(Blanco) (Merr.) & (Rolfe.)

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