Jamblang Fruit / Syzygium Cumini , Syzygium Cumini, Jamblang, Juwet, guava keling or duwet is a type of fruit tree from the guava-jambuan tribe. This plant with sour tart fruit is also known by various names such as jambee kleng, guava kling, nunang, guava koliong, guava kalang, jamulang, jambulan, jombulan, jumblang, jambulan, jambul, jamblang
Species: S. cumini
Jamblang tree trunks are characterized by being sturdy and growing towering. Jamblang trees can grow in the range of 10 to 20 meters. Apart from being sturdy and tall, the stem is also quite thick and the growth is often curved with quite a lot of branching.
Jamblang leaves are green with a pinnate spine system. If you look at it at a glance, physically, jamblang leaves are quite thick and wide with leaf stalks approximately 1 cm to 3.5 cm long. The shape of the leaves resembles shiny wedge leaves with a length of between 7 cm and 16 cm and a width of approximately 9 cm.
Jamblang flowers are a type of compound fruit that has a panicle shape. This flower grows from the leaf axil right at the end of the branch. The shape of the petals of the jamblang flower resembles a bell with a light green color, while the crown resembles an egg which has a large number of stamens and emits a fragrant aroma.
Jamblang fruit is about 2 to 3 cm long with an oval shape. This fruit will be green when it is young, then turn purplish red to slightly black after it is ripe. If opened, the flesh is yellow and white to purplish. The taste tends to be sour to sweet with a slight astringent taste.
The original habitat of the jamblang tree is the subtropical region around the Himalayan Mountains. Several regions that fall into this region include Sri Lanka and India. Jamblang plants are also widely cultivated in Melasia, Indonesia, and Australia and have now spread throughout the country.
Jamblang trees usually grow in lowland areas with a height of approximately 500 meters above sea level, but can still grow in higher areas with heights reaching 1800 meters above sea level.
The thing that most influences the growth of jamblang trees is rainfall conditions. In areas with rainfall of around 1000 mm per year, jamblang trees will grow well.
Jamblang can be reproduced in two ways, namely by seeds taken from the fruit and by grafting.