Terap or tarap (Artocarpus odoratissimus) is a kind of fruit tree from the jackfruit tree genus (Artocarpus). The fruit is similar to a small jackfruit, with a strong fragrant smell, as reflected by its scientific name: Artocarpus odoratissimus. This fruit is also known as marang (Mindanao), lumuk (Sabah), timadang (Sarawak), or Johey oak (English).
Tarap or terap fruit has the Latin name Artocarpus odoratissimus which means smelling and has a sweet taste. This fruit is also known as marang fruit. The size of the fruit is small when compared to jackfruit. This fruit is a fruit typical of Southeast Asia which is only found in tropical areas.
The terap tree can reach a height of 25 m, and its trunk can be up to 40 cm in diameter, grayish. The branches of this tree have long yellow to reddish hairs.
Ripe wild berries
Therapeutic leaves are oblong to obovate in shape, measuring 11-28 × 16-50 cm, flat-brimmed or shallowly serrated, blunt or slightly tapered tip, and 2-3 cm stem. The supporting leaves are oval in shape, 1-8 cm long, have yellow or red hairs, when they fall off they leave ring marks on the branches.
Single-house plants (monoecious). The fruit is compound (syncarp) which is slightly round in shape, up to 13 × 16 cm, greenish-yellow when ripe, with short soft thorn-like protrusions, with 5-14 cm long stems, appearing at the end of branches like breadfruit. The fruit flesh (pseudo, which is actually a development of floral ornaments) is whitish in color, contains a lot of juice, sweet and very fragrant, feels smooth and soft and a bit like jelly on the tongue. Seeds (pericarp) measuring 8 × 12 mm.
Terap can grow from the area near the coast to an altitude of about 1,000 m above sea level. This tree likes sandy loamy soil and areas with fairly high and even rainfall. The fruit is usually found at the beginning of the rainy season, between August and January depending on the location.